Space Range


The easily accessible near-Earth asteroids have enormous economic potential, because they could create an unlimited source of key materials, ranging from titanium through platinum to gold. However, the possible processability and industrial usage of the material of the asteroids in space still requires a lot of research and development, so before setting up the asteroid mines, delivering the metal-containing asteroids onto the Earth’s surface would be worth.

Because of this, in my opinion, an enormous, unoccupied piece of land should be marked on the Earth’s surface as a space range, into which these asteroids could slam.

The first step of the process would be choosing the appropriate near-Earth asteroids, those, which composition is ideal for economic aspects. After this, the selected asteroids would be redirected into a high Earth orbit by robot spacecrafts. The necessary technology would be based by the NASA's Asteroid Redirect Mission, although there would be a different method of capturing the asteroids.

In order to minimize the risk of an accident while an asteroid is redirected onto a high Earth orbit or when it slams into the marked space range, a size- and speed limit would be determined regarding the available asteroids. A possible risk factor can be for example a miscalculated entry angle or the malfunction of the robot spacecraft.

The robot spacecraft used for capturing an asteroid would approach the chosen asteroid directly and would release a thin metal net, into which the asteroid would fly. After that, by constricting the edges of the net, the robot spacecraft would fix the net on the surface of the asteroid.

This metal net would be lightweight and its structure would have only minimal load-bearing capacity, therefore, it would have no role in changing the trajectory of the asteroid. The metal net primary function would be providing the fixing of the robot spacecraft to the surface of the asteroid.

After the robot spacecraft lands on the surface of the asteroid covered by the metal net, a separate robot vehicle would detach from it. This robot vehicle would practically be a rocket engine that moving on spider legs. It would continuously connect to the robot spacecraft with a flexible pipeline, and the robot spacecraft would supply the energy and the rocket fuel for the robot vehicle through this flexible pipeline.

The robot vehicle could hold on to the metal net fixed onto the surface of the asteroid via its spider legs. As a result of this, the robot vehicle could safely move on the surface of the asteroid. Since the maximum diameter of a captured asteroid would be just a few meters, with holding on to the metal net, the robot vehicle could avoid drifting off from the surface of the asteroid in the absence of gravity.

The necessary trajectory change for redirect the asteroid onto a high Earth orbit would be carried out by this robot vehicle’s rocket engine. Because the captured asteroid could rotate hectically along all three axes, it is possible, that the robot vehicle has to use its rocket engine even half a dozen different locations on the surface of the asteroid in order to achieve the desired trajectory change. The spider legs of the robot vehicle would have wide folding treads in order to secure its stable position on the surface of the asteroid while the rocket engine is used.

Arriving on the high Earth orbit, another robot spacecraft could land on the surface of the asteroid. The second robot spacecraft would carry a dozen smaller robot vehicles, which would practically be replicas in smaller sizes of the robot vehicle of the first robot spacecraft. That is, these would also be spider-legged rocket engines, only less powerful, but in addition, these would be able to spread an ablative heat shield material such as epoxy resin to the surface of the asteroid.

Once the ablative layer is complete, the role of the smaller robot vehicles would be to serve as maneuvering thrusters until the asteroid enters the Earth's atmosphere. In this way the atmosphere entry can be planned much more precisely.

It also allows that the robot vehicle of the first robot spacecraft would not be used for the trajectory change from high Earth orbit, but as a braking rocket. Thus, the asteroid could be decelerated as much as possible before enters the Earth's atmosphere.

Since only metal-containing asteroid would be captured, its strong structure and the heat-absorbing ablative layer should be enough to withstand of the air friction, so the asteroid could impact into the Earth's surface in one piece in the area of the space range. With lower velocity the impact force of the asteroid will still be high, but in an acceptable extent, and the scattered pieces of the asteroid will also be easier to find and collect.

Water supply of deep space missions


The continuous supply of water is an essential factor of space missions since water is consumed by astronauts and they use it for other purposes too. These can be for example growing plants in the space and protection against cosmic radiation. Water can be demolished into oxygen and hydrogen by electrolysis to provide the continuous oxygen supply of the astronauts while hydrogen can be used as refrigerant, for energy production in fuel cells or in ion engines as fuel. Furthermore, burned with oxygen, hydrogen can provide powerful thrust in rocket engines as well.

However, water supply to space missions as a payload mass of current carrier rocket is too expensive for the universal use of water in a large quantity. Because of this, a C-5M Super Galaxy transport aircraft should be transformed in a research and development program so that a railgun would be installed into the aircraft with the supercapacitors providing power for firing.

Charging the supercapacitors would be provided by separate generators attachable to the aircraft’ jet engines. As a result of this, after shooting with the railgun, the aircraft do not have to land, since the supercapacitors are rechargeable during circulation at a high altitude.

The railgun could launch such a solid-propellant rocket from the modified nose of the aircraft, which is capable of putting tens of kilograms of payload mass into the low Earth orbit. These water carrying rockets could be small, simple and inexpensive ballistic rockets, without an own guidance system. After spending a short period of time in space, these would burn while returning into the Earth’s atmosphere, but before this could happen, a satellite designed specifically for this purpose would catch and drain these rockets on the low Earth orbit, with the help of its robotic arm.

This catching satellite would be able to maneuver by electrolysis of the drained water, using the oxygen and the hydrogen as rocket propellant, whether it's catching these rockets moving on a ballistic orbit, docking to the International Space Station (ISS), or about reaching the escape velocity and moving on the lunar orbit to the Lunar Orbital Platform-Gateway (LOP-G).

The catching satellite could collect water from the rockets for months on the low Earth orbit, before transporting it to the ISS or to the LOP-G.

The C-5M Super Galaxy with its huge load capacity and cargo area would be ideal for carrying the railgun, which would be a much more ideal solution than launching rockets from the Earth’s surface. Because the C-5M would launch the rockets from a high altitude, the lower resistance of the rarer atmosphere and the acceleration provided by the railgun would give the rockets a multiple Mach initial speed, and plus the speed of the launched rockets would be increased with the speed of the aircraft.

Since the catching satellite will orbit around the Earth about every ninety minutes waiting for newer and newer water carrying rockets, a rocket can be launched from the aircraft for each circle of the catching satellite. The periods between launching could be used for charging the supercapacitors. The efficiency can be maximized, if the crew on the aircraft is shift working, the fuel of the aircraft is refillable from a tanker aircraft, in the cargo area of the aircraft even a dozen rockets can be placed securely, and the launching with the railgun do not require immediate maintenance.

Made in Tibet


Increasing the living standard of the population of Tibet is not only about eliminating poverty, since the economic power of the Tibetan people fundamentally determines their ability to enforce their interests from freedom through environment protection to autonomy.

However, the Tibetan development program of China is primarily about the extension of Chinese interests and about validating them at whatever cost, from education through transport to mining, therefore, with the Chinese economic development programs, the Tibetan people actually do not move forward at all.

In my opinion, because of this, the Central Tibetan Administration should start an economic development program, which would be explicitly about mitigating poverty in Tibet and about strengthening the ability of Tibet to enforce its interests.

Within the frames of this economic development program, the Central Tibetan Administration would appoint those Tibetan companies, which would really improve the Tibetan economy by selling their products. The companies could be family-owned manufactures or even multinational companies producing industrial components. A product packaging standard would be created for the products of these companies.

This standard visualization containing Tibetan symbols could be used on the packaging of any product, ranging from scented candle through washing powder to oil filters. This packaging would make the products of the appointed companies unique and recognizable from a long distance, so standardization would make it easier for the customers to identify the products as Tibetan.

The products would get the standardized packaging in Dharamsala in order to create jobs for Tibetan refugees and make the originality of the products verifiable. So every product that repackaged according to the standards created in this economic development program would get to the global market through Dharamsala.

Unfortunately, because of the Tibetan circumstances, the Tibetan products start with a competitive disadvantage compared to the average Chinese products, hence it is harder to sell the Tibetan products on the global market due to their inevitably higher selling prices. Furthermore, the repackaging makes the costs even higher, however, using the Tibetan symbols on the packaging makes it possible that customers feeling sympathetic towards Tibet will choose the Tibetan product from two identical products. By doing that, customers can facilitate the development of the Tibetan economy and the opportunities of the Tibetan people.

So this economic development program would beyond small souvenirs and it would not even matter, whether the product made in Tibet is connected to the Tibetan cultural heritage or not. As a result, pharmaceutical, apparel and car components manufacturing companies could also join the program, if they fulfill the requirements of the Central Tibetan Administration.

Coming from its nature, there is a possibility to make an accurate list of the products taking part in the program. Because of this, retailers feeling sympathetic towards Tibet can develop some of their shelves especially for Tibetan products. In order to grab the consumers’ attention, the Central Tibetan Administration could create not only detailed product descriptions and various brochures, but also commercials related to Tibet. These would be made especially for touchscreens, that can be placed next to Tibetan products in retail stores.

Purchasing and repackaging the products of Tibetan companies, and transporting them to the global market through Dharamsala would be market-based, depending on the consumption of the given product. However, in case of bigger orders, the Central Tibetan Administration could play a liaison role towards the Tibetan companies.

Conclusion:

The standardized appearance of the verified Tibetan products on the global market would result in higher marketability for the products of common Tibetan companies, even if the quality is the same while the selling prices are higher. Through this companies, this would really develop the Tibetan economy for the sake of Tibetan people. Meanwhile in Dharamsala, a huge amount of workplaces could be created, which would provide a real living for the Tibetan refugees.

Deployable observer and radio transmission drone


Nowadays, warfare is based on communication capabilities that make the use of specialized ability units possible in coordinated ways, and among other things, gathering information for decision making. So, the drones with observational and communication capabilities has become a significant part of modern warfare.

This type of drone would basically be a remote-controlled electric helicopter, which could be launched from below an aircraft wing, thanks to its foldable structure, for example using the universal underwing pylon of the C-130 Hercules.

This kind of drone would work on the ground, the helicopter mode should only be for deploying.

Simplified structural diagram:

1. The body of the drone would consist of two main parts, this lower part would contain the batteries. Thus the drone’s center of gravity will be low, what is important for its stability.
2. The upper main part of the body would include the communication and control subunits, the radios, the GPS receiver, the flight control computer, etc.
3. Each main part of the body would be covered with highly efficient solar panels, which could produce enough energy to keep the observation and communication equipment running continuously round-the-clock.
4. Optical and infrared cameras in a head unit which could rotate in all directions.
5. Telescopic structure to lift the head unit up to several meters. Thus, the field of vision can be dramatically increased.
6. Fixing and damping mechanism for the landing skids.
7. Electric wrist assemblies for lowering the landing skids.
8. Landing skids for the landing and for the stable horizontal positioning on the ground.
9. In terms of width and length, the size of the landing skids would be aligned to the lower main part of the body of the drone, since originally it would be folded.
10. Between the lower and upper main part of the body of the drone would be a connecting element, which serving also as a rotor. This rotor is driven by an electric motor.
11. Electric wrist assemblies for lowering two rotor blades.
12. Rotor blades. The rotor blades would not be only used in flying, but after the drone is on the ground, placing them in vertical pose the rotor blades could operate as separate wind turbine blades, helping to recharge the batteries.
13. In terms of width and length, the size of the rotor blades would be aligned to the upper main part of the body of the drone, since originally it would be folded.
14. Between the upper main part of the body of the drone and the telescopic structure would be a connecting element serving also as a rotor. This rotor would be rotated in the opposite direction by another electric motor.
15. Electric wrist assemblies for lifting two rotor blades.
16. Rotor blades.
17. The drone would have four rotor blades in total, two of them movable downwards, two of them movable upwards for the helicopter mode to be switched on.

Operation of the drones:

These drones can be deployed on higher urban buildings or hilltops, along major roads or smuggler paths, in a designated borderline, around a military camp, etc.

Since the drones can be launched from aircrafts, they can be deployed quickly in large areas at large numbers. And in case of not needing them any more, the soldiers do not have to go to collect them individually, because if their batteries are fully recharged, the drones can fly to a nearby secured collection point.

These drones would be particularly suitable for improving radio communication in operational areas, also observing and marking targets, while reducing the risk of unexpected surprises, such as enemy reinforcement.

Gunslingers


There are tens of thousands of indoor and outdoor shooting ranges in the world, where shooting is practiced on a wide range of targets, but I think it would be worth using smart targets to expand the training possibilities further.

The Gunslingers would be a separate app that anyone could install on a smartphone. The app could connect to this smart target, making it possible to play game in an Old West gunfight. The player must defeat ten gunslingers in the game, who would become more and more difficult opponents.

Simplified structural diagram of the smart target:

1. The structure of the smart target can be different sizes, but the most common size would be the human size. The frame of the smart target would not be bulletproof, because the players can only use rubber bullets.

2. Two pairs of light curtain sensors would be integrated into the frame, which sensitivity would be adjusted to the size of the projectiles. One of the sensor pairs would be vertically embedded, so when a projectile crosses one of the light beams, the height of the hit can be stated.

3. The other pair of sensors would be horizontally embedded, so the location of the hit can be precisely specified in millimeters from the data obtained by the two sensor pairs.

4. Pedestal for placement. If it is equipped on a remote controlled electric vehicle, which could always rotate the smart target in the direction of the shooter, it would be ideal training with moving targets.

5. Roof structure, which would also serve as a protection against weather in outdoor shooting ranges.

On the front of the roof a LED light line would be embedded which would be perfectly visible even in strong sunshine. This LED light line could help in many ways, for example, green light and red light to indicate whether the shooters could shot freely or not.

Multiple types of traditional targets, such as paper, cardboard or even sheet metal could be attached to the smart target. For example, the metal rod of a paper roll could be attached to the bottom of the roof. So the targeting can also be done to the graphical targets, and a LED lamp would be embedded at the bottom of the roof to illuminate the attached traditional target. This LED lamp can light up in multiple colors, so if the shooters overcame a target, then it could also be signaled by this way.

A communication device and a smartphone-sized computer would be integrated in the roof, which would be controlling the smart target, and would allow continuous data connection between the smart target and the player's own smartphone via Wi-Fi.

6. Emulator to imitate the shots of the opponent. The emulator would be a device that could use only with blank cartridges, and for safety reasons it could only fire towards the ground. The simplest version of the emulator would use blank pistol cartridges, which could be loaded from a larger capacity magazine.

7. A high brightness rating projector capable of projecting an image or video on the traditional target attached to the smart target. Thus, a wide range of targets could be projected on a white paper or a white painted metal plate.

Operation of the smart target:

The projector would project the video of the current opponent onto a white cardboard, which is attached to the smart target. The player would stand face to face with the smart target and wait for the signal, which could be for example a bell sound, or the opponent's move when he reaches for his pistol. The signal would always come randomly, avoiding the possibility of cheating.

After the signal is done the player and the projected virtual opponent would open fire. Obviously, the player would use an Old West style pistol and the video of the opponent's would change based on the player's hits. That is, if the player's hits miss the opponent or just are not perfect, the virtual opponent can shot several times. Each time when the opponent shot, the emulator of the smart target would use a blank cartridge to imitate the shot.

The app would calculate the hits caused by the virtual opponent, among other things, based on his skill level, and would report the results to the player. If the player wins in the gunfight, he could move on to the next, stronger opponent.

Opportunities:

Thanks to the app's versatile development capabilities and the universal use of the smart target, the challenge for the players could be kept with continuously updated newer game modes and opponents.

And meanwhile, it could raise the interest of ordinary people for shooting ranges.

Firefighting airship


At residential areas without an unlimited supply of water to extinguish fire, or at unoccupied areas without proper infrastructure, extinguishing extensive bush and forest fire is often an unsolvable task, because the opportunities of the delivery of the extinguishing material to the target location are always limited, independently of the number of the available tanker trucks or firefighting aircrafts.

The modern version of the legendary, ocean liner-sized Graf Zeppelin filled with helium instead of hydrogen would also be capable of transporting extinguishing material, because its payload capacity similar to firefighting aircrafts. However, because of its significantly lower airspeed, it would be able to carry out turns too slowly.

Nevertheless, the airships’ ability of hovering at one place makes the on-the-spot creation of the extinguishing material possible instead of transporting those to the fires.

This new type of firefighting airship, which could have the length of three hundred meters, would have the shape of a pipe instead of the shape of a cigar, so that continuous airflow would be possible through the air channel in the middle of the airship, which can be up to fifty meters wide. Since the airship does not need the ability to carry payload, and could be controlled only remote with a ground-based controller, the structural design of the helium containing balloons is not so limited. Because of this, the pipe shape of the airship could be achieved by joining a dozen ring-shaped helium balloons.

Every ring-shaped helium balloon would have a separate pressure-proof container, in which some of the helium can be stored in compressed form. Because of this, the lifting power of the front and rear part of the airship could be altered independently and differently. Owing to this, when the airship is above the fire, it could change from horizontal flying to vertical flying without the continuous usage of the numerous external turboprop engines installed on the airship’s fuselage. Consequently, the fuel consumption of the airship can be minimalized, because the rotatable turboprop engines would only have to balance the power of the wind, keeping the airship at a given place.

In case of vertical flying, due to the differences in atmospheric pressure and temperature, like in a solar updraft tower, the air will flow in the air channel, which runs through in the fuselage of the airship along its length. This will make continuous energy production possible with one or more turbines installed in the air channel.

On the surface of the fuselage of the airship, a strip of solar panels would be installed along its length. By rotating the airship in case of vertical flying, these solar panels would follow the Sun’s movement, making extra energy production possible during in daytime.

Although the efficiency of the energy production, compared to an almost one kilometer high solar tower equipped with a greenhouse, would be only a fraction, but the produced energy would be enough to make water from the air with a high performance atmospheric water generator. Implicitly, the airship would use the continuously produced water to extinguish fire, releasing that as rain above the fire.

Conclusion:

Although this type of firefighting airship will not make the quick and efficient extinguishing of extensive bush and forest fires possible, but it will allows that by constantly watering a smaller area or a designated borderline, the fire would avoid certain places, making the survival of the fleeing people easier.

PCI card to Nokia smartphones


In my opinion, it can be calmly stated that those part of the Earth’s population, which has the sufficient funds and the demand for the usage, has already purchased some kind of a smartphone. Because of this, when consumers change their smartphones, companies like HMD Global can only increase their own market share against the other manufacturers.

And since consumers encounter a great variety of offers regardless of their financial possibilities when they change their old smartphones, so for hardware manufacturers like HMD Global marking out from the mass is incredibly difficult. In addition, without an Apple-like own software environment and cloud services, keeping the extant consumers through brand loyalty is also nearly impossible.

Nevertheless, the brand loyalty can be increased, if HMD Global produces multipurpose smartphones, because after getting rid of these smartphones, the post-change fate of those can also get into the decision-making process of the consumers.

The PCI card:


By installing a new type of standardized connector into Nokia smartphones, those would be able to function in traditional personal computers, by placing them into cards functioning as a case and equipped with a PCI data bus.

Attached to the PCI card by a short wire, every type of Nokia smartphone equipped with this new type of connector could be placed into this type of PCI card, since the case part of the PCI card would be suitable for fixing smartphones of different size stably. Apart from the stable lock, it would also provide continuous cooling with the help of a fan installed onto the case.

While the PCI data bus would provide the continuous energy- and data connection between the personal computer and the smartphone, the new type of connector between the smartphone and the PCI card would also provide several other connection, from antenna to stereo sound. The reason of this is the following, to install everything into the rear console of the PCI card, that makes the use of the smartphone independent from the personal computer without opening the casing of the personal computer.

The following things can be installed into the rear console of the PCI card:

- GSM, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth antenna
- One or more SIM card reader
- Different types of USB and other kinds of standardized connectors
- Different kinds of SD card readers
- Connector to a traditional land line
- Sound out- and input and a separate microphone input
- HDMI output
- UTP connector for a network cable
- Connector suitable for plugging in the standardized charger of the smartphone
Etc.

Smartphone in the personal computer:


After installing the specially developed Nokia software containing the required drivers, the smartphone could be controlled through the operating system of the personal computer. The Nokia smartphone placed into the PCI card runs its own operating system and it is able to operate from its own battery after turning off the personal computer.

Since the energy charge could continuously provided for the smartphone through its own charger, even if the personal computer is turned off, the symbiosis of the personal computer and the Nokia smartphone opens a vast amount of possibilities.

Examples of the usage:

The smartphone can function as a Wi-Fi Hotspot 24/7 owing to the external antenna on the rear console of the PCI card.

Through the SIM cards, the smartphone can still be used as a phone, either by using headphone and a microphone, or by using a traditional landline phone. By having Internet subscription and supplemented with a webcam, a continuous video call is possible without using the resources of the personal computer. This makes the operation of the video call software possible in a small window without causing FPS (frame per second) decrease in the program that runs on the personal computer, even when someone is playing the most graphically demanding video games. Implicitly the smartphone could also function as a voicemail owing to the fact that smartphone is continuously operable.

The smartphone can be ideal for controlling downloads from the Internet based on the user settings, since after turning off the personal computer, data can still be uploaded to or downloaded from the Internet by using the internal storage capacity of the smartphone.

If the personal computer is connected to the Internet via the smartphone, then the Nokia smartphone can be used as a firewall, thanks to its operating system functioning independently from the personal computer. For the same reason, running an antivirus program as a background process is much more ideal on the smartphone, and since scanning of the files would not use the personal computer’s computation capacity, it can be much more thorough.

Since short blackouts are not dangers to the operation of the smartphone, it can be ideal for storing backups, which can be continuous in case of word processor and other kinds of office programs by saving every bit of change immediately.

The continuous control of the home security system through radio signals or wires. Compression and saving of the incoming data from different cameras and sensors based on the user’s settings. Another option can be that after turning on the personal computer, the already stored data can be moved to the hard disk drive of the personal computer, which has a much bigger capacity. This would make data keeping possible not only for days or weeks, but for longer periods of time as well.

Listening to music in the background, or through the HDMI output watching videos or television channels on monitor or on television. Since the television connected to the smartphone becomes a smart TV, it can play any audio format and video files, and the Netflix and other streaming services are also available on it. Controlling this in possible not only by the personal computer but also by all kind of smartphones through Wi-Fi or Bluetooth with the help of an application developed for this purpose.

The content of the personal computer’s memory can be copied into the internal storage of the smartphone, before turning the personal computer into sleep mode. Because of this, turning into sleep mode can be really complete, not only energy efficient.

Compatible programs installed onto the personal computer and onto the smartphone can be run on the smartphone, thus for example files can be compressed and videos can be rendered without using the resources of the personal computer. A new option can appear in the Windows Explorer’s menu in order to run a compatible program on the smartphone.

The smartphone can be used as a continuously operating e-mail server, but this kind of usage can also be aimed at storing an own website or at file sharing.

A Nokia virtual assistant can run on the smartphone continuously without using the resources of the personal computer. This can appear on the screen of the personal computer whenever it is necessary. The skills of this virtual assistant can be continuously developed. In the beginning, it could deal with the essential notifications, for example arrivals of new e-mails and finishing of copying, so it would not require a multiannual initial development, but over the years, it could catch up with Cortana, Siri or Alexa by continuous developments.

The smartphone can function as a dongle, or as a constant encoder and decoder device. Owing to this, data stored in the personal computer could be partly or totally coded strongly, thus reducing the possibility of unauthorized access to the personal data.

And also for a dozen other purposes.

Military sensor kit


The military sensor kit would be based on the Alphabet (Google) Project Ara, because the Ara smartphone frames are ideal for versatile utilization thanks to their modular design, and the technology is already available and licensable from the Alphabet, so the development costs could remain reasonable.

The frame in the sensor kit would be based on the standardized Ara mini-frame, but this frame would be significantly different because the sensor kit frame would not have a display. Instead of it, a full-featured smartphone motherboard would be integrated on one side of the frame, with processor, memory, Bluetooth chip, battery, etc., and the other side of the frame would be reserved for the module slots.

That is, in case of the military sensor kit, not the modular design of the smartphone is the essence, but its versatile utilization through the modules. In the absence of the display, the settings of the sensor kit could be really easily configured with a conventional smartphone via Bluetooth connection.
Since the sensor kit would be primarily designed for military use, therefore, the frame and all of the modules would be waterproof and shockproof.

There would also be a significant difference between the Ara smartphones and the sensor kit, so that the sensor kit frame would never be used as a conventional handheld smartphone, so sizing of the insertable modules can be much freer, the modules may have different thicknesses and may even protrude over the frame.

In addition, it would be possible to connect various larger devices to the frame via extension cables, which makes endless possibilities of the sensor kit. An extension cable would be one meter long, at one end can be inserted to one of the slot on the frame, and at the other end a separate device or another extension cable can be connected. Thus, the sensor kit frame and the larger devices could be easily placed and camouflaged separately. As another option, a module can also be inserted into an extension cable instead of the frame, so farther away from the frame a small size sensor can easily be hidden.

The extension cables would not just be for the data transmission, but would also serve as energy distributors between the external devices and the available power sources.

Examples of the modules, which can be inserted in the frame slots:

- Slot splitter module, which can be inserted in a frame slot or an extension cable slot, creating two free slots.
- GPU module, which can increase the performance of the sensor kit for simultaneous use of multiple cameras.
- Camera modules with different sensitivity, for example to take pictures or videos.
- Speaker module, for example to play alarm tones.
- Microphone module, for example to recording ambient sounds.
- RAM module, which may be necessary if large amount of data need to be processed from the sensors.
- SSD drive module, which increases the data storage capacity.
- Different types of USB and other kinds of standardized connectors.
- Modem module with a traditional landline connector, for example to connect with lower bandwidth.
- Battery modules with different capacities, which can increase the availability time.
- GPS module for positioning.
- Wi-Fi module for higher bandwidth connection.
- SIM card module for use of the cellular networks.
- Module with different kinds of SD card readers.
- Seismic sensor module, for example to detecting earthquakes.
- HDMI output, for example constantly monitoring the installed sensors.
- Module with different kinds of smartphone charger connectors.

Examples of larger separate devices, which can only be connected via extension cables to the sensor kit frame:

- Separate smartphone display, which may be useful if tests running are needed directly on the sensor kit or the connected devices, or for example, if watching directly the video feed is essential during an observation.
- External hard drive or SSD, which significantly increases the data storage capacity.
- Fixed or remote-controlled shotgun microphone, for example to the observations.
- Different sensitivity and view angle fixed or remote-controlled cameras, which could be conventional, active or passive infrared, etc.
- External power supply devices, for example solar panel, ethanol fuel cell, transformer to the local energy grid, UPS, smartphone power bank, etc.
- Motion detectors, for example with laser or infrared beam.
- Remote-controlled laser rangefinder, for example to the target distance determination.
- Remote-controlled laser designator, for example to guide bombs or missiles.
- Air pollution detectors with different sensitivity for detecting to carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, ozone, various chemicals, etc.
- Very accurate GPS positioning device.
- External Wi-Fi device for long-range wireless connection.
- Ground seismic sensors, for example to detecting the vehicles and humans movements.
- Radios with different transmitter power output, for example to remote controlling and the continuous data transmission.

Operation of the military sensor kit:


The military sensor kit frame could be used on its own, or even by coordinating the operation of several separate frames, which could be equipped with different sensors.

The control could be direct (e.g. via USB cable) or remote (e.g. via Wi-Fi). All military sensor kits in the control range can be controlled with the same smartphone app, only the unique identification codes of the sensor kits must be given for this.

Thus, for example, a single sensor kit would be ideal for observation, but with more than one sensor kit, it is possible to build an alarm system for the protection of a gather point or even a building.

And the possibilities of the uses are limitless.

Battlefield short text messaging system


This system would be a supplementary communication network that would serve to minimize the traditional radio usage, since the constant use of traditional radios quickly drains their batteries, and replacing or recharging those could be very difficult in the battlefield.

And there are plenty of situations that require fast and secure communication within a distance of several kilometers when instead of speech, text message transfer is sufficient.

The supplementary communication network would be based on CW grenades. The CW grenade would be a smoke grenade size radio that would be specifically designed for battlefield conditions, and capable of receiving and transmitting continuous wave signals (like Morse code). Since the technology on which it is based already exists (for example the goTenna), the development costs could be reasonable.

Simplified diagram about the CW grenade:

1. The shell of the CW grenade would be waterproof and shockproof. It would consist of two main parts, which could be rotated on each other. Rotating clockwise the upper part would turn on the CW grenade. Rotating in the opposite direction would turn off the CW grenade, and further rotating the CW grenade can be disassembled for battery change.
2. The power supply will be provided by four rechargeable AA batteries.
3. The radio would be installed in the upper part of the CW grenade.
4. The top of the CW grenade would be fully rotatable so that the operating frequency could be selected. On the top of the CW grenade, like an hour's dial, there would be sixty line markings, and each marking would be a different frequency number. That is, the CW grenade would not have a digital display and various adjustment buttons, for making it even simpler and cheaper.
5. Safety pin to prevent accidental frequency change.
6. Very small folding handle in which a cord or a carabiner could be inserted, thus the CW grenades can easily carried on tactical vests, or can placed on combat vehicles and different landmarks, for example on tree branches. 

Operation of the communication network:

The CW grenade would be designed for working in a network, which could contain various smart devices. Writing and reading messages would be done on smart devices connected to the CW grenades via radios. These smart devices could be secure, waterproof, shockproof and high battery capacity smartphones, laptops or similar smart devices.

That is, a CW grenade would serve simultaneously for sending messages, and receiving targeted messages from other CW grenades, and as an automatic signal amplifier for transmitting messages between the CW grenades, but the messages would be handled through an app, that could be installed on any smart device which can be connected to the soldier's traditional handheld radio.

In its automatic signal amplifier function, the CW grenade would not amplify of the incoming signal, but would recognize the transmitted messages and resend them, so the transmitted signal would be strong and noiseless again. And since each message would have an own unique identification number, the CW grenades would not send the once already transmitted  messages again.

Every soldier would have an own tactical smartphone and at least one CW grenade. To send a message, one of the soldiers would use the smartphone app to write the message. To ease the use, the smartphone could be fixed to forearm of the soldier. The message would be a short text message like an SMS. The app would encrypt the message, add a unique message identification number, the sender's own identification number and the recipient's own identification number, and then send it to the CW grenade via the soldier’s traditional handheld radio.

The CW grenade using its own radio will send the encrypted text message as CW signal. All CW grenades that operate at the same frequency and detect the signal will automatically recognize the identifier numbers from the signal, and if the smartphone with the recipient's identifier number is connected, then the message will be forwarded to the recipient's smartphone in which the app can decrypt and display the message.

The usefulness of this network is that no matter, how many CW grenades should be used as an amplifier between the sender and the recipient, and the soldiers can carry more CW grenades, which can be placed on the battlefield. Thanks to the durability of the CW grenades, there is no need to be careful when placing them, it can even be thrown on tops of trees and buildings, and these CW grenades can be left behind as a consumable device.

Because the CW grenades would be set to the same frequency as soldiers' own handheld radios, sending simple text messages through CW grenades instead of talking would be a very energy efficient way to communicate dozens or even hundreds of kilometers.

In addition, one of the sixty available frequencies on the CW grenade could be labeled as an emergency frequency, and equipped with external antennas and solar panels, the CW grenades set to the same frequency can be placed in permanent locations, from mountain tops to safe houses, creating an always available backup communication network in places like Afghanistan. The acceptable identification numbers could be pre-programmed into the placed CW grenades to prevent network overload by unauthorized using.

Tactical puck


The tactical puck would be a hockey puck size explosive device, which could be used with a radio remote control device, and would be ideal for neutralizing door locks and blasting a larger hole into a door, through which a stun grenade could be easily thrown. Thus, it makes easier to open the door, and entering the room can be safer.

Simplified structural diagram about the tactical puck:

1. Puck shaped device.
2. On top of the puck, a handle would be in the middle for the easier grasp.
3. The bottom of the puck would be a rotatable and detachable cap. Rotating and removing this cap would activate the puck RFID tag. Without rotating and removing the cap, the puck can not be armed, so the cap would serve as a kind of safety pin.
4. Circuits that break when the cap is rotated and removed, and activate the RFID tag.
5. RFID tag, each puck would have its own unique code. This will ensure that only the selected pucks could be arming and exploding.
6. Igniter for the explosive.
7. A small pressure-resistant container for storing neutral gas. The container would be made of copper.
8. High pressure compressed neutral gas, for example nitrogen.
9. Firing pin with a tension spring for opening the pressure container, allowing the blending of the liquid explosive with the neutral gas.
10. Liquid explosive.
11. Non pressure-proof membranes, a dozen on the perimeter of the puck.

Simplified structural diagram about the radio remote control device:

1. The radio remote control would be a small cylindrical device.
2. The top of the device would be an openable cap.
3. Rechargeable AA battery.
4. RFID tag reader.
5. Mode selector slide switch.
6. Detonate button.
7. Radio with radius range of a few dozen meters.

Operation of the tactical puck:

To use the tactical puck, it first must be rotated and removed the cap on the puck bottom. This also activates the puck RFID tag. The removed cap is disposable. The bottom of the puck would be coated with an extremely fast grab glue, that is the puck should be placed immediately after the cap is removed.

The radio remote control device must be switched on with the mode selector slide switch, and the device should be kept in a few centimeters to the puck for a moment, so the RFID tag on the puck can transfer its unique code to the device. From that moment, the puck is armed and synced with the radio remote control device.

Coming at the safe distance, the mode selector slide switch on the radio remote control device can be switched to detonate mode, and to open the cap, on the device the red button can now be pressed to explode the puck.

As a result of the radio signal provided by the radio remote control device, first the firing pin penetrates the wall of the nitrogen gas container, opening the container in the puck. As a result of the high-pressure nitrogen gas, the liquid explosive breaks through the membranes, and it’s ejected laterally and downwards from the puck. The liquid explosive would stick to the surfaces like napalm.

After a few seconds, before the puck is completely emptied, the igniter detonates the liquid explosive. Thereby, the explosion occurs in a thirty centimeters diameter circle.

Other using possibilities:

More tactical puck could be used simultaneously, for example, placing them in door hinges.

Or if two or three pucks detonate on one another, with the greater hitting power they could blast a hole on a brick wall.

In another mode of use, the tactical puck can explode without the using of the nitrogen gas. With the copper-walled container the puck inner structure would be similar like the shaped charges, so that a puck could be able to penetrate a thick metal door, opening that with a smaller but focused explosion.

The tactical pucks would be easy to carry, easy to place, safe to use, and can be used in many ways, so these can be ideal for everyone from SWAT teams to counter-terrorist military units.

The fate of the Iranian people


If we wanted to give a general description of the history of mankind using short expressions, we had to use words such as war, terror, hate, fear, servitude, poverty, famine, illness, death, dependency, feud, inequality, manipulation and so on.

If we wanted to extend this general description to the present mankind, we also had to use the above mentioned expressions, even if those had to be modulated a bit.

And if we wanted to foresee the future of mankind using this general description, we had to use the same expressions in an even more modulated way, depending on the optimistic or pessimistic approach towards the future.

But if the starting point of the general description of mankind’s future is not the reality but a sanguine future, then the generalizations would be about peace, safety, freedom, prosperity or about truth, because ordinary people would wish their own and their beloved ones’ prosperity and happiness.

The hope of the Iranian people is the same as any other nations', but the political leaders in Iran do not act to enforce the national interests for the sake of their society, they exploit the Iranian people for the sake of their own power by the distortion of the national interests.

Because the national interests means the same for every country, the striving after balance.

Balance between providing human rights and regulating libertinage.
Balance between individualism and common aspects.
Balance between free market economy and state intervention.
Balance between admission of funds coming from abroad and protecting domestic entrepreneurship.
Balance between providing rights for employees and liberty of entrepreneurship.
Balance between the extent of state reallocation and the size of tax burdens.
Balance between free access to education and healthcare and the opportunities of the budget.
Balance between providing state social safety net and leaving the citizens to their own resources.
Balance between tasks carried out by civil administration and tasks allocated to the independent civil organizations.
Balance between the abilities of civil administration and the overgrowth of bureaucracy.
Balance between social equality and the positive discrimination necessary for social development.
Balance between preserving national cultural traditions and adapting to the rest of the world.
Balance between cultivating the language and other national intellectual heritage and the evolution of the globally integrated modern society.
Balance between the nation’s participation in world issues and the own demands of the society.

And so on...

I do not accidentally refer constantly to Scandinavian countries in my writings, since those social structure and economy represent thriving for balance in the most perfect way.

The economic improvement provided by the denounced nuclear agreement would have been an enormous leap for the Iranian people since the settling foreign companies also provided social opening to a certain extent. However, because of current conflicts, the Iranian regime will inevitably fail sooner or later in a violent way. The only question can be, whether this regime will destroy its own homeland similarly to the Syrian regime.

To prevent this, thinking about launching a Farsi language online magazine would be worth. In this magazine, using fictional articles, news and interviews a parallel reality of the Iranian daily routine could be introduced in order to let Iranian people know, how their lives would look like in a liberated Iran, in which the leaders of the communities with the help of civil administration act really according to the national interests.

So, the articles of the magazine would try to show an idealized vision of the Iranian daily routine in the most trustworthy way, which is of course utopian, but meanwhile it can be thought-provoking because of the literary freedom provided by the parallel reality.

Although the online censorship would surely block Iranian people from accessing the magazine, it would only illustrate an imagined world, so the copied and offline versions of it would also be perfect to introduce to common Iranian people their own possibilities and the possibilities of their nation, meanwhile reducing the regime’s margin against its own people.

Secured infrastructure for the print media


Continuous and credible information of the population is a key element of national security in all sovereign countries. However, with the continued decline in the role of print media, average citizens can be easily manipulated over the Internet, because fake news can be personalized to trigger a desired emotional state and they can affect a large part of the population with low cost and risk.

Therefore, as part of national security, a communication network should be established to maintain the traditional role of print media. This communication network would be independent from the Internet and the network would be based on the communication between thousands of Wi-Fi routers.

Wi-Fi routers would be built into street lamp posts in residential areas to build out the communication network. They would be put at such a distance from each other that ensures continuous data traffic between Wi-Fi routers and meanwhile provides strong signal strength inside residential buildings.

The street lamp posts would be ideal for this purpose because the continuous power supply for the Wi-Fi routers can be easily and safely ensured, the communication network can be built quickly and almost everyone lives near a lamp post.

The only task for Wi-Fi routers would be to maintain continuous communication between each other, while they would send small data packets between each other over and over again that would be created based on a predetermined standard. The connection between Wi-Fi routers would have a high level of encryption and no other device could connect to them, however the constantly resent small data packets would not have any encryption.

Readers, after installing a specially developed app would be able to capture these small data packets with their Wi-Fi able devices, without connecting to Wi-Fi routers. In other words the essence of the communication network would be that the content of print media products could be distributed digitally over a network of Wi-Fi routers what the app can show to readers on their Wi-Fi able devices (such as smartphones, laptops, etc.).

Such newspapers, weekly magazines, and other print media products would be selected that could be redistributable in digital form through this communication network, but since the costs of establishing and maintaining the network would be secured by the state budget, the government would have veto rights in all cases. This would ensure that only reliable and accountable print media products are available through this communication network.

Every day early in the morning the content of the selected print media products would be merged into a single compressed file, then this file would be split into small data packets based on a predetermined standard, and these data packets would be continuously sent between the Wi-Fi routers. Since every small data packet would have its own identification and time code, the app capturing them could easily re-create the original file containing the contents of the print media products in digital form. Thus readers could browse the content of various print media products by this app.

In addition, since the updates of the distributed content could not only happen daily, but even every hour, newer articles can be displayed more quickly. With even more frequently updates it is possible to broadcast the articles of the state news agency using a completely separate file that could be updated in every minute, creating a continuous news feed for readers in the app.

Although the broadcast of multimedia content such as videos is only very limited through this communication network, readers having traditional Internet access can click on the links in the articles to see related content.

Source and distribution of income:

With this communication network, dozens of different print media products (local, national and even international) become legible for everyone, but since the usage of the app and viewing the content are free, some regular income is needed to compensate publishers for their loss.

Therefore, the app would be deliberately optimized for continuous ad serving, which would appear automatically next to the articles. If readers also provide personal information in the app setup options (for example gender, age, place of residence, occupation, etc.), then ads may also be targeted.

Another source of income would be classified ads which the app would handle separately. This communication network would be ideal for displaying classified ads on readers’ devices, because their content can be easily updated and readers can easily search among the classified ads according to their instantaneous interest.

Every month a value number would be determined for each print media product which is distributed through this communication network and the income would be distributed proportionally among publishers based on this value number. However, the value number would depend not only on the size of the readership, but also on the cost and quality of the production. Thus tabloids would not be able to suppress investigative journalism.

Benefits of the infrastructure:

Since this communication network would be independent from the Internet, it could be operable in disaster situations and under cyberwar conditions as well.

Readers with Wi-Fi able devices would not be able to connect to Wi-Fi routers, they could only capture the small data packets that are broadcasted continuously with the Wi-Fi routers. Thus, the communication network could not be overloaded, at most the radio signals could be disturbed in locally, which could be solve easily with the help of local law enforcement forces.

Readers will have easy and free access to the content of print media products selected for distribution in this way, which can increase their readership, strengthening information of the population and their ability to think critically.

In addition, with the help of the communication network, there are countless separate apps could be provided with real-time information, let it be of weather forecasts or traffic news.

Establishing this communication network is costly. Alternatively, instead of building new routers into street lamp posts, it could be used the existing Wi-Fi routers of the Internet service providers, as a critical infrastructure, confiscate the part of their bandwidth for the communication network. Thus, the communication network can be built quickly and cheaply, although it will be less secure with cooperation of the non-state companies.

Ohi Hybrid Power Plant


If a nuclear power plant with pressurized water reactors is still in good condition, but enhancing safe operation would be too costly, instead of full decommission, it would be better to modify it to other types of energy production.

Simplified structural diagram:

1. Ohi Unit 1.
2. Ohi Unit 2.
3. Reactor vessel for heat energy storage.
4. The heat energy would be stored in molten salt, like in a concentrated solar thermal power plant.
5. Electric heater units.
6. Connecting to the national power grid.
7. Reactor vessel for power generation.
8. Pressurized water.
9. Primary coolant loop.
10. Heat exchanger in which molten salt can transfer the heat energy for the pressurized water.
11. The molten salt would circulate between the two reactor vessels.
12. The power plant would be equipped with waste incineration, which could be fueled by local or imported waste.
13. Waste combustion furnaces.
14. The molten salt would be heated by waste combustion.

Benefits of the hybrid power plant:

By modifying the Units 1 and 2, a fully renewable power plant could be created, which can work even for decades, and since the power plant infrastructure already exists from the control room to the turbines, the cost of expansion could be significantly reduced.

The molten salt could be heated by surplus energy from the national power grid, and in addition, dozens of wind turbines (mostly offshore) could be connected directly. Thus, this hybrid power plant could provide a balancing role for power supply in Japan.

Although without uranium fuel elements, the pressurized water will no longer have a moderator role, thus, the primary loop could be molten salt instead of pressurized water, however, using pressurized water is less expensive because of the way the steam is generated does not need to be modified.

Since one of the reactor vessels would storage the heat energy, and only one of them would produce the energy, the total energy output would be much less, but it could be completely safe.

If the technology works, it could be applicable to other nuclear power plants that await full decommission.

Hoverbike Championship


The Hoverbike Championship would be like Formula One in the air, the competitors would circulate on a designated track, and there would also be pit stops, where kerosene and liquid oxygen could be refilled. In the Hoverbike Championship, the different aircraft manufacturers, like Boeing, Airbus, Lockheed Martin, etc. could start their own racing team and hoverbikes, and like in Formula One, there would be predetermined rules for the hoverbikes’ development.

The hoverbikes would fly at the same altitude during the race, and only two or three meters high, which their fly-by-wire system would automatically hold, so competitors could only overtake each other from the side. And hoverbikes would not have a rear main jet engine, so their maximum speed would be low, at most half that of a Formula One racing car.

Simplified structural diagram from top view:

1. Fuselage. The hoverbike would be a small and lightweight aircraft.
2. One-person cockpit.
3. Compressor for air compression. Since the compressor sucks in the air from above, it will not suck up the dust and stones from the ground.
4. A second, counter-rotating compressor. Both compressors would be rotated by electric motors, and each compressor would have an air distribution device, that would convey the high pressure compressed air to the engines in equal proportions. Each compressor would provide air to four engines.
5. Jet engine without compressor. The hoverbike would have eight separate engines.
6. Articulated structure for directing the engine. With this structure the engine could swing from the horizontal position to a nearly vertical position in all directions, so the power of the engines can be used simultaneously to maintain the hover and maneuvering of the hoverbike. A fly-by-wire system would control all eight engines separately.
7. Structure for fixation the engine to the fuselage.
8. Flexible feed pipe for the engine. The hoverbike would also have a cryogenic liquid oxygen tank, so the feed pipe would supply the engine with high pressure compressed air, kerosene and liquid oxygen. Since the hoverbike wouldn’t have wings, instead, it would use the power of the engines for every maneuver, by supplying liquid oxygen and extra kerosene needed, the power of each of the eight engines could be changed separately from moment to moment, which can provide extraordinary maneuverability for the hoverbike.

Simplified structural diagram about the jet engine:

1. Since the compressor would be separated from the engine, the structure of the engine could be wider but shorter compared to a conventional jet engine.
2. The articulated structure.
3. Combustion chamber.
4. Exhaust.
5. Turbine.
6. Generator. Each turbine of the eight engines would be connected to an own, separate generator, which would provide the necessary energy for the electric motors of the compressors. Although the eight generators of the engines and the two electric motors of the compressors would be significantly increase the weight of the hoverbike, but thereby the airflow for air supply of the engines can be steady regardless the maneuvering of the hoverbike.
7. Connection point for the feed pipe.
8. Kerosene supply.
9. High pressure compressed air supply.
10. Liquid oxygen supply.

Safety solutions for the jet engines:

As in Formula One, each engine would be secured with one or two chains to the fuselage of the hoverbike, preventing them falling off by an accident.

Each engine would be equipped a small but high-pressure fire extinguisher tank and a valve, directly connected to the feed pipe. In case of an accident, the valve would shut off the feed pipe coming from the fuselage of the hoverbike, while the fire extinguishing material, such as carbon dioxide would be blow under high pressure into all three fuel supply pipes (kerosene, compressed air and liquid oxygen). Thereby, the fire extinguishing material will blow out the fuel from the supply pipes and the same time extinguish the fire in the combustion chamber.

Each engine would be completely covered by a metal net frame, including the bottom of the exhaust, which frame would be strong enough to catch the blades that could fly apart from the turbine in case of a collision with another hoverbike.

Because the turbine does not rotate a compressor in the engines, but a generator, each generator can be equipped with a strong emergency brake that stops the rotation of both the generator and the turbine in case of an accident.

Benefits of the Hoverbike Championship:

The air travel is continuously evolving and expanding from traditional aircrafts to electric air taxis, but unlike cars, due to much higher power demand for the fully electric operation allows only very limited capacity and range, so the conventional kerosene-consuming aircrafts will not have a real electric alternative even in decades.

However, I think that with this type of Hoverbike Championship, it would be possible to maximize the potential of the conventional jet engines, and at the same time continuously improve the components of the fully electric aircrafts.

Star Wars Championship


Nowadays, e-sport is one of the most dynamically improving sports with an increasing number of viewers. Since Star Wars is one of the biggest brands in the world, the consumers of e-sport can be ideal target audience for Disney.

However, instead of the current e-sport championships in which the players compete in a virtual environment, Disney should create a new type of e-sport championship in which the traditional competition would be continuously rendered, and it would be visualized as a streamable live broadcast in virtual environment inspired by Star Wars.

As a result, the competitors and their teams would eventually match their knowledge and skills in reality, but the viewers could see this in virtual environment visualized by a video game. The virtual environment would be provided by the EA DICE Battlefront video game series, and the first championship would be built on air fight.

The air fight championship:

The championship would require such an airport at which high-tech communication and radar technology is available and which can provide enough airspace for the secure organization of the air fights of the competition.

In the competition, teams of stunt pilots could take part with different types of prop stunt planes constructed according the requirements of the competition. Since in Star Wars-based air fights the starfighters vary in many aspects such as speed, maneuvering ability and performance, therefore the types of stunt planes used in the competition would be so selected that their capabilities could be matched with the different kinds of starfighters from the X-wing starfighter through the Y-wing light bomber to the TIE fighter and the TIE interceptor.

A laser beam aiming and detecting system would be installed onto the stunt planes with a such a punctual telemetric system that could illustrate the maneuvering of the stunt planes in the Battlefront video game environment perfectly. As a result of this, the broadcast air fight from the maneuvers of the starfighters to the work of the laser cannons would be realistic and because of that excessively enjoyable.

Since the viewers can only see the virtual environment in which anything can be the venue of the air fight from a surface of a planet to deep space, the contests between the competing teams can trend towards a diversity of tasks such as gaining air superiority, bombers flying onto overground targets and inhibiting this, VIP accompaniment and catching that, or even supporting star destroyers and destroying them by proton torpedoes.

In the VIP competitions that aim is to accompany or capture of the YT-1300 light freighter or even a Lambda-class shuttle, the roles of the VIPs would be filled by turboprop airplanes controlled by professional pilots according to the size and maneuvering abilities of the VIPs. The pilots would be selected randomly to each competition, so the role of the VIPs would not be filled by the competitors, but the frame crew of the competition.

The role of the star destroyer or other similar size warship would be filled by an airship with its own crew, which only had to hover in one space during these kinds of competitions. Only laser sensors would be installed onto the airship, so although in the virtual environment the visualized warship, for example a Victory-class star destroyer would use its turbolasers and ion cannons constantly, those would only serve to increase the reality of the air fight, since only the competitors could achieve hits.

The injuries and destructions of the starfighters would be generated automatically from the data provided by the laser sensors in a very spectacular method, so this would create not only a realistic air fight for the viewers, but also they could worry about the pilots. The shot-down pilots would be excluded from the live radio communication of their teams in the moment of the destruction of their starfighters, and from this moment they could only communicate with the air traffic control to organize the landing. Moreover, in such cases on the destructed stunt planes predetermined light signals would turn on to inform the still competing pilots.

Due to the visualization of the air fight in virtual environment, the viewers can change their point of views in the broadcast according to their preferences. They can watch the competition from the perspective of their favorite pilot, from the camera above the starfighter or even from the fired proton torpedo. Moreover, the virtual environment would use the previously digitized faces of the stunt pilots. Because of that, in close maneuvering the virtual environment would be more realistic by recognisability of the pilots.

During the competition, the selected airport would set up a hangar filled with full-scale starfighter models. The interviews and the award ceremony would take place in this hangar. During the interviews and the announcement of the competition results the competing stunt pilots and the frame crew of the competition would wear Star Wars-based team uniforms decorated with the badge of their teams.

Battles on the ground:

If the air fight championship is successful, the e-sport championship of Disney could expand with ground battles. The venue of the ground battles would be a film studio, where on big stages the venues of the battles could be pre-built as scenery. Since the viewers only see the virtual environment, the scenery could even be made of unpainted wooden planks, which would be scanned in 3D in order to make a realistic visualization after placing them.

Since the viewers can only watch the competition in virtual environment, the blasters with the laser aiming system and the special clothes equipped with dozens of sensors can be made with practical common sense, and can be used with maximum security.

The difficulty of establishing the ground battle championship is the realistic visualization of the competitors, because the movements of the competitors can be followed accurately and visualized with the help of the special competition clothes, but the emotions on the faces of the competitors cannot be visualized accurately, while in contrast with the air fights, this visualized emotions would be necessary to create a realistic representation. Because of this, the emotions of the faces would be controlled by artificial intelligence based on predetermined schemes and on the tone of their radio talks.

The advantages of the Star Wars Championship:

Since Star Wars films, series, games, comic books are released continuously, the interest of the viewers can be maintained constantly, and this championship would be ideal to expand the variety of the Disney+ streaming service.

B-1H Lancer


The B-1H version would be a heavily modified B-1B Lancer strategic bomber, which would be specifically designed for carrying out high-risk missions against fortified underground facilities. The B-1H would use hydrogen as fuel instead of kerosene.

Simplified structural diagram of the operation: 

1. Air-intake into the jet engines.
2. Jet engines powered by hydrogen gas.
3. Thrust from the jet engines.
4. The kerosene tanks are replaced by secondary cryogenic liquid hydrogen storage tanks.
5. Secondary liquid hydrogen supply for the heat exchanger.
6. Heat exchanger. The intake air is transformed into liquid by this device, while the liquid hydrogen would transform into gas.
7. Air-intake to the heat exchanger.
8. Hydrogen gas supply for the jet engines.
9. Liquid air to the primary cryogenic storage tank.
10. Primary cryogenic storage tank. This large tank would be integrated in one of the internal bomb bay. For safety reasons, this cryogenic storage tank could be dropped.
11. A threaded rod would be integrated longitudinally in the middle of the primary cryogenic storage tank.
12. A circular separator could rotate on the threaded rod. Thus, while the liquid hydrogen is consumed from the primary cryogenic storage tank, the emptied part of the tank can be filled by liquid air.
13. Primary liquid hydrogen supply for the heat exchanger.
14. Liquid hydrogen supply for the rocket engine.
15. Liquid air supply for the rocket engine.
16. Rocket engine. The rocket engine would be integrated into the tail of the B-1H.
17. Thrust from the rocket engine.

Simplified example of a mission:

As for the take-off, both primary and secondary cryogenic storage tanks would only be filled with liquid hydrogen.  The B-1H would take-off in a traditional way by using the jet engines powered by hydrogen gas.

In the first stage of the flight, the B-1H would consume the liquid hydrogen from the primary cryogenic storage tank, and while continuously using the heat exchanger, the primary cryogenic storage tank would be partly filled with liquid air. The separator in the primary cryogenic storage tank would rotate to the other side of the tank in accordance with the consumption of liquid hydrogen.

Thanks to the creation of liquid air during the flight and the joint use of the primary cryogenic storage tank, a rocket engine can be used without any excess weight required by the storage of liquid oxygen.

In the second stage of the flight, which is reaching the enemy airspace, the B-1H would switch from the jet engines to the rocket engine. The rocket engine would use the liquid hydrogen and the liquid air from the primary cryogenic storage tank. In the enemy airspace, the B-1H would continuously increase its speed and flight altitude. The rocket engine of the B-1H would be powerful, but not much more than its four jet engines, so the speed of the B-1H would not exceed its structural ability.

On the way, by reaching the target, the B-1H would release a bunker buster (MOP) bomb. Thanks to the higher speed and flight altitude the bomb can hit the ground with greater force.

In the third stage of the flight, which is leaving the enemy airspace, the B-1H would completely drain the primary cryogenic storage tank, while slowing down the speed and reducing the flight altitude required to restart the jet engines. After the rocket engine burnout, the B-1H would switch back to the jet engines.

Since the primary cryogenic storage tank is empty, from now the B-1H would use the secondary cryogenic storage tanks. From this point the heat exchanger would not create liquid air, only the liquid hydrogen would transform to gas for the jet engines. Because with empty primary cryogenic storage tank, without liquid air, the landing is much safer.

The benefits of the B-1H Lancer:

The first thing that long-range aircrafts from the SR-71 to the B-1B Lancer do on a mission is the air refueling. This is not possible with liquid hydrogen. With the excess weight of the heat exchanger, the rocket engine, and the cryogenic storage tanks, and without the possibility of air refueling, the armament capacity of the B-1H would be much less than of the conventional B-1B Lancer, but it would still be enough to fulfill wide variety of tasks, and the much higher flight altitude holds many possibilities.

For example, contrary to the F-15, the B-1H could launch a much larger and much heavier missile from a higher altitude, where atmospheric friction is less significant. This would also allow the launch of a smarter anti-satellite missile that does not destroy the targeted satellite on a kinetic basis and creating debris, but put a small interceptor satellite on the same orbit, which could blow it off the targeted satellite with an instant curing foam sealant that closes the maneuvering nozzles and darkens the optics.

Flying at higher altitude, where is the oxygen not enough for the conventional jet engines, interceptor aircrafts such as the MIG-31 are dangerous just because of their air-to-air missiles. However, due to the minimal humidity of the rarer atmosphere, the capabilities of a defensive weapon such as the ATHENA Laser Weapon System are also multiplied.

Thus the primary task of the B-1H would be to strike against fortified underground facilities, but it would also be ideal for a dozen other purposes.

Tokyo International Food Court


During the Olympic Games, tens of thousands of people will eat and drink at the venues of the event every day and as the competitors and the spectators will be of a very diverse of nationalities, the catering units serving them will also be.

In order to simultaneously improve the quality, diversity and efficiency of the services provided by the catering units, it would be worthwhile to build a new type of service building next to the sports facilities of the Olympic Games.

This new type of service building would be a circular two-story building. On the ground floor, at least one dozen different catering units could serve from McDonald’s to traditional Japanese restaurants. As the guests would not be served inside the building, not only the fast food kitchens but the full-service restaurant kitchens will also fit in the large-scale service building.

Serving desks of catering units would be located along the outer arc of the service building, fundamentally creating an outdoor food court for catering the guests, where guests would be able to consume their orders at tables and chairs situated in the environment of a landscape park surrounding the service building.

The uniqueness of the service building would be given by the open roof terrace, which would occupy the top of the building, where custom designed tables for guests would be available. To all of the tables fixed to the top of the service building a smaller transparent round box with an opening and closing door would be installed in the middle, which would be connected by a tube of about one meter in diameter to the otherwise empty first floor of the building. Each of these tubes would be equipped with a pneumatic cylinder, which technically would serve as a simple food-elevator between the first floor and the tables on the roof terrace.

That means meals and drinks ordered by guests should only be placed on trays on the tops of pneumatic cylinders in the tubes starting from the first floor, in order that they can get to the tables of consumers by pushing of a button. So the catering units in the service building could quickly and efficiently deliver their orders to guests despite the large floor area of the roof terrace. Insomuch as a very large number of service staff could be operating without disturbing guests in consumption with their continuous traffic. Moreover, the usage of augmented reality (AR) eyeglasses would be also possible for the staff to navigate between tubes on the first floor of the service building, since this would not disturb guests because they will not meet people delivering their orders.

Logically, dirty trays, plates and glasses could be sent backwards with the same solution and the service building would have its own common service staff to collect and wash and then redistribute them between the catering units. This common service staff would also provide cleaning of the outdoor dining area and the roof terrace from washing of the tables to collection of garbage.

In order to make simple placing orders for the roof terrace guests, each table of the roof terrace would have at least one touch screen, wherethrough the guests could choose from the sortiment of the catering units. There would also be a digital payment terminal through which they could pay their orders. Cash payment at the roof terrace tables would not be possible.

At the same time, it also allows guests to order from the catering unit in parallel, selecting food and drinks from different catering units to the same order, for example. For realizing such need, the service building would have a unified payment system that would distribute bank transfers of the guests between the catering units based on their orders.

I think with the help of its shared service and payment system of this new type of service building, it would be ideal to represent higher quality Japanese cuisine at affordable prices during and after the Olympic Games.

Take-off supporting drone


The military’s ability to carry out air transport services is an essential factor of almost every operation, so every percent of efficiency enlargement is significant. One way of efficiency enlargement is decreasing the fuel-consumption of cargo planes since planes use up an enormous amount of fuel during take-off and reaching the cruising altitude in a short period of time. By reducing this, a significant efficiency enlargement can be achieved.

The take-off supporting drone would be a convertiplane powered by electricity and it would be as big as an external fuel tank. Instead of the rotation of the conventionally structured power engines located at the wing-tips, in this case the whole drone itself would swing to change between airplane and helicopter mode.

To the fuselage of the drone a coaxial rotor would adjoin longitudinally, whose rotor blades would be adjustable according to the dual mode of operation, and the swing required to change between the modes would be made possible by maneuvering wings adjoining the fuselage of the drone.

The drone would be developed explicitly to the usage of the universal pylon installable under the wing of the C-130 Hercules military transport plane, so before take-off two drones could be installed onto a C-130, so that the rotor blades of the drones’ coaxial rotors would be positioned on the sides of the wings’ trailing edges in contrast with the C-130’s own propellers.

There would not be a regulating lever on the control panel of the C-130’s cockpit to change the power-output of the drones, but similarly to petrol-electric hybrid cars, the drones’ power-output would automatically adjust to the output changes of the C-130’s turboprop engines. So, before take-off, pilots only had to activate standby mode of the drones. During take-off and reaching the cruising altitude, the operation of the drones would be controlled by the onboard flight control computer.

After reaching the cruising altitude, the pilots could jettison the drones from the universal pylons, and the drones would return to the initial airport in airplane mode. The maneuvering wings of the drones would provide enough lift force to do this. Above the airport, the drones would swing into vertical position and change into helicopter mode. Then, with the help of the deployable landing legs, the drones would land as helicopters. This method is similar to the method used by the Falcon 9 carrier rocket, which lands with the help of deployable landing legs.

The advantages of drone-using:

Thanks to the development of the V-22 Osprey tiltrotor aircraft, the most significant technologies from the adjustable rotor blades to the essential fly-by-wire system are already at our disposal, so a reasonable amount of money could be enough to carry out the development of the drone.

The drones require low maintenance thanks to the electric engines powered by batteries. Moreover, the maintenance of the drones and the recharge of the batteries is manageable even in battlefield conditions. As a result of this, drones could not only support C-130s taking-off from conventional airports’ runways, but also C-130s taking-off from unprepared runways. Furthermore, the take-off would be more safe thanks to the additional power-output of the drones.

Based on the experience gained during the military usage, the usage of drones can be extended to the civil aviation, since the turboprop passenger and cargo planes similar to the ATR 72 fly really short distances. Because of this, the fuel-consumption during take-off and reaching the cruising altitude has a really significant impact on the operating costs.

Urban retail home delivery network


Home delivery is a practical solution for shopping, whether we can talk about food, household items, books or other retail products. However, the cost of home delivery greatly increases the cost of products for consumers. Additionally, consumers need to be on site for the delivery to take over the ordered items, or to pay by cash for example.

Therefore, a separate service should be created for ordering and delivering products, which would link the smaller and larger retail units in each city to a standardized network.

Consumers could choose which city they live in from among the cities available for the service on a website optimized for smartphones. Then they could browse between the networked retail units and their products within the given city. This means that consumers in this home delivery service could order only those products which are available at the time of ordering in the retail units within the city of their choice.

Since in the service would not be possible for cash on delivery (COD) payment, the website would also be a unified payment system, which would distribute transfers of consumers between retail units based on the amount of ordered products.

In such cities where this service available, the local post offices would be expanded with a smaller warehouse for sorting products waiting for delivery and storing them for a few minutes or maximum a few hours. Because post offices would serve as mediators between retail units and consumers. Post offices are ideal for this purpose because buildings, customer service, professional experience, etc. are all given. Practically, only a new service should be added for the existing ones.

Post offices would also be transformed into electric charging stations for electric powered vans. Electric vans with bigger total weight would deliver ordered products in the city between retail units and post offices. Besides, smaller electric vans with less total weight and used by local post offices would fulfil deliveries to consumers on their operational territory of a few square kilometers.

Products that come from different retail units to post offices would be packed in standardized transport boxes, so there would be a weight and size limit, what consumers would not be able to go beyond in each order.

The standardized transport box would be an aluminum box, which could open on top. This box would be as large as a shopping basket, with three versions: traditional, coolable and heatable. The traditional transport box would be white, the coolable version would be blue, the heatable one would be red. Coolable and heatable transport boxes would have a double-walled structure. In this double-wall, a non-toxic antifreeze liquid would be stored in precooled or preheated conditions, which could keeping the products at a constant temperature for long hours. Thus, from frozen foods to freshly prepared food, it is possible to deliver a multitude of products without immediate receipt by consumers.

In the post offices, the coolable and heatable transport boxes would be place in separate containers which would look like chests of drawers. Thus, the fluid in their structure would be continuously cooled or heated.

Registered consumers would need to use a standardized receiving box for the service. This lockup receiving box would be the same size as the transport box. The transport box filled with the ordered products should be placed at the consumer the same way as mail is stored in the mailbox. Thus, the delivery of ordered products remains safe while consumers do not need to take them personally.

After the consumer has taken the products out of the transport box, it can be simply put back to the receiving box. The carrier would return the empty transport box to the post office at the next delivery. The carrier exchanged the two boxes.

This service would primarily serve to connect retail units within individual cities. However, horticultural growers around cities who are able to accurately record their stocks could join the network, although, growers would find it difficult to sell products over the Internet because the consumers would not be able to control the quality of the products. Because it would not be possible for consumers to choose the product as on the markets, and retail standards provided by supermarket networks would be neither available on this field.

Therefore, a comprehensive quality control would be a prerequisite for joining the retail network for horticultural growers, and each post office warehouse would have its own employee to sort these products. These employees would check the ordered products whether they meet consumer needs from freshness to size. If products delivered by the growers would be significantly different from the products ordered, consumers would be compensated immediately. If the problem occurs repeatedly, growers could be suspended or even excluded from the retail network. The same would apply to problems arising from regular laboratory tests, such as in case of using inappropriate chemicals.

Benefits of the retail network:

Although the range of orderable products depends on the current stock of networked retail units and horticultural growers, more efficient and much cheaper home delivery allows consumers to make easy daily shopping. This would significantly increase the quality of urban life beyond the significant individual time gains, for example reduce vehicle traffic.

In addition, access to a larger consumer base and easier advertising opportunities the network can help to survive and develop even the smallest retail units, and it also create numerous jobs locally.

Horticultural growers would sell their products at a much higher profit, because through direct sales they would keep their resellers' profits. Growers could also make long-term contracts with individual consumers through the website, for example, serving their weekly vegetable and fruit needs, which is a great help for pre-planning and development in a seasonal sector.